Risk warning: CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 81% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.
Risk warning: CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 81% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Forex Glossary

Forex Definitions: The Industry’s Most Important Terms Explained

The forex industry is made up of so many definitions that it's easy to forget a few along the way. Do you know your Loonie from your Loti? Can you tell your Shooting Star from your Evening Star? Take the time to get to grips with forex jargon because understanding forex vocabulary is an important step in a trader’s journey.

Since no forex education can be complete without a glossary of basic forex terms, we've compiled one which explains key words and phrases in the simplest way possible. This way, you'll never be lost or confused with forex terminology!

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See On Balance Volume.

Rial Omani.  The currency of Oman.  It is subdivided into 1000 baisa.

It is a Volume Indicator developed by Joseph Granville.  Each day’s volume is assigned a plus or a minus sign, depending on whether the current day’s closing price is higher or lower than the previous day’s closing price.  The result is added to a running cumulative total.

If Closing Price current > Closing Price previous then add Volume

If Closing Price current < Closing Price previous then subtract Volume

If Closing Price current = Closing Price previous then no change

The On Balance Volume should be in the same direction as the prevailing trend.  Divergence is a signal that the prevailing trend is weakening and an impending reversal may be imminent.

In the course of a downtrend, a small white candle opens below the low of the prior long black body and closes at the aforesaid low.

In the course of an uptrend, a small black candle opens above the high of the prior long white body and closes at the aforesaid high.

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC’s mission is to coordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its Member Countries and ensure the stabilization of oil markets in order to secure an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consumers, a steady income to producers and a fair return on capital for those investing in the petroleum industry. The twelve-member states are: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela.

The total number of outstanding (long or short) contracts at the end of the trading day.  Open Interest applies to futures and options markets.

Buyer                       Sell                 Comment              Open Interest

New Long                New Short    New Position                   ↑

New Long                Old Short      Not new Position            − −

Old Long                  New Short    Not new Position            − −    

Old Long                  Old Short      Old Position                     ↓

A position taken on a financial instrument that is subject to profits or losses.
The initial price at the beginning of a trading period (i.e. timeframe).

A financial derivative where the buyer has the right to buy/sell an asset by the expiration date. More specifically, Call Options are contracts that give the owner the right (not the obligation) to buy an asset in the future (before or at the expiration date) at an agreed price. Investors buy Call Options when they believe that the value of the underlying asset will increase above the strike price. Similarly, Put Options are contracts that give the owner the right (not the obligation) to sell an asset in the future (before or at the expiration date) at an agreed price. Investors buy Put Options when they believe that the value of the underlying asset will decrease below the strike price.

Here are some examples of different types of Options:

  • Call
  • Put
  • American Style
  • European Style
  • Exchange Treaded Options
  • Over the Counter Options
  • Option Type by Expiration
  • Option Type by Underlying Security
  • Employee Stock Option
  • Cash Settled Options
  • Exotic Options

It is a statistical tool that fluctuates around a horizontal middle line.  At times the oscillator is plotted at extreme high readings, recording an overbought market. Conversely, when the oscillator moves at extreme low readings below the middle line it is recording an oversold market.  Some oscillators are bounded i.e. they provide upper and lower boundaries which make overbought/oversold identification easy.  In the absence of upper and lower boundaries, a visual inspection will do the trick.

Oscillator Analysis:

  • Confirms the trend
  • Determines overextended markets (Overbought/Oversold)
  • Spots divergence between the oscillator and price
Oscillator Moving Average.  It displays the difference between MACD and its Signal Line (Moving Average).

See Over the Counter.

The traditional way of trading forex was ‘over the counter’, meaning traders made forex transactions over the telephone or on electronic devices.

When the market rises too far oscillators will reflect that rise with extreme high readings above the middle/equilibrium line, hence identifying overbought conditions. An oscillator at extreme high conditions can be an alert for a reversal.  Oscillators usually give false signals in the beginning of a trend as they move too fast in the overbought area.
When a trader’s position is kept open and carried over to the next trading day.
The interest rate at which financial institutions in Canada borrow and lend money among themselves. It is updated  8 times per year and  released by the Bank of Canada.
When the market drops too far oscillators will reflect that decline with extreme low readings below the middle/equilibrium line, hence identifying oversold conditions.  An oscillator at extreme low conditions can be an alert for a reversal. Oscillators usually give false signals in the beginning of a trend as they move too fast in the oversold area.
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